Lecture: Carthage and Tunisia in the Christian Period

29 November 2014

The mosaic floor of the Chruch of Mary (Mahrine-Region of Carhage)The mosaic floor of the Chruch of Mary (Mahrine-Region of Carhage)

Taher Ghalia, member of to the Tunisian Institut National du Patrimoine and former director of the Musée National du Bardo in Tunis, gives a lecture on Carthage and Tunisia in the Christian period.

  • date: Saturday 29 November 2014
  • start: 14.00
  • entrance: free (excl. museum entrance fee)
  • the lecture will be in English

Tunesia between 2nd and 7th century

Tunisia was between the 2nd and the 7th centuries one of the lands of predilection of the diffusion of the Christianity in the Western Mediterranean. Since the 3rd century the African Church was under the authority of the bishop of Carthage and considered as the best organized after the Church of Rome. This particularity is essentially due to builders' roles of the Faith held by the Fathers of the Church of Africa Tertullian, saint Cyprian and saint Augustine whose preserved works are a recognized authority.

Christian churches in Africa

Numerous vestiges of urban churches as well as rural, hagiographic sources and epigraphic texts testify of the anchoring of the religion of the Christ in all the layers of the African population. Carthage divided into six six ecclesiastical regions preserved several vestiges of churches the most important of which is the Basilica of Damous El Karita. His influence on the Tunisian territory confronts through the diffusion  of the type of the plan of churches adapted to the African liturgy which gives an important place for the cult of the martyrs as well as the adaptation of the iconographic program for the decoration of the floors of the Christian sanctuaries.