Pawiamen; wade; kralennet
BeschrijvingPawiamen ; wade ; kralennet
Mummy of an adult. The bandages are applied in concentric patterns, with only a small protruding edge per winding. They are fairly wide, torn from a larger cloth, and pale in colour. One bandage behind the right shoulder has a multiple self-band and long fringes. These bandages are covered by the remains of a faded and damaged shroud, originally doubtless red in colour, which is tucked in over the sides but leaves a wide gap along the centre of the back. The linen of the shroud is a medium-fine warp-faced tabby weave (about 16 x 21 threads/cm2). The shroud is held in position by several bands of c. 3 cm wide and of a slightly coarser linen (11 x 23 threads/cm2): a longitudinal one over the front, transverse straps around the forehead, the hips, the knees, the ankles, and the insteps (double), a crossed stola over the torso and another cross over the shins. Several of these bands show knots at the back.
On top of the shroud lies a bead net of mainly dark green faience beads, extending from the shoulders to the shins; according to Leemans, the net was restored in the museum. It is rectangular in shape (long 108 cm, wide 32.5 cm). The net is constructed of cylinder beads (average length 1.5-1.6 cm) forming rhomboid cells, with yellow ring beads at the crossings. The upper border has a concave neck-line set off with a collar of four ranges of cylinders (ranges of pale blue/dark blue/dark green, yellow, again various hues of blue and green, and finally red). The sides and lower edge of the net consist of a simple string (triple thread for the lower border). The monotony of dark green lozenges is broken moreover by ranges of yellow or pale green beads (lateral strips in the 6th, 10th, 21st, and 29th row; central strips in rows 7-8 and 23-24; full-width in rows 14, 38, 42, 46, 50, 54, and 58-61, with a dark blue band in row 62 below).
The following elements have been fixed on top of the bead net: on the chest a blue frit scarab (8.5 x 5.5 cm) with incised details and extended wings of mosaic work (w. 21.5 cm, ranges of white, yellow, red, and blue double-disc beads, with the wing tips predominantly blue); over the thighs antithetic mosaic figures of the four Sons of Horus, all with identical heads (wigs blue, faces red and yellow) and with bodies striped red, blue and yellow.
Materiaalmummie ; linnen ; faience
Afmetingen27,5 x 43 x 167 cm
PeriodeLate Periode; 25e-26e Dynastie; 700-650 v.Chr.
LiteratuurLeemans, Description raisonnée (1840) M 39
Boeser, Catalogus (1907) E.XLIII.6
P.H.K. Gray, OMRO 47 (1966), nr. 4
M.J. Raven, B.G. Aston, J.H. Taylor, E. Strouhal, G. Bonani, W. Woelfli, OMRO 78 (1998), p. 16
M.J. Raven/W.K. Taconis, Egyptian mummies (Turnhout 2005), cat. 12
M.J. Raven, in: D. Magee/J. Bourriau/S. Quirke (red.), Studies Malek (Leuven 2009), 473 n. 46, 482 n. 91
cat. Fascinating mummies, highlights of the exhibition (Edinburgh 2012), 35
E. Haslauer, Schild von Steier 25 (2012), 214 n. 44
C. Greco, Mòmies Egípcies, El Secret de la Vida Eterna (2012) 118, 119 cat. 31