Anchhor; wade; kruisbanden; kralennet

mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man

Beschrijving

Anchhor ; wade ; kruisbanden ; kralennet
Mummie van Anchhor, gewikkeld in een wade met kruisbanden, waarop een net van faience kralen ligt. In het net zijn opgenomen een grote en twee kleine scarabeeën en twee stroken cartonnage met verguldsel.

Mummy of an adult. The bandages are fully covered by a plain shroud of faded red linen. This is held in position by a number of linen straps of 3.3-4.8 cm wide: five transverse bands passing around the forehead, abdomen, thighs, shins, and feet; one longitudinal strap (flanked by rather decayed narrower ones) over the centre of the front and back; and a 'stola' crossed over the chest and passing over the shoulders. It rather looks as if originally there were more transverse bands, e.g. around the chest where there is now a large gap. The two lower transverse straps are linked by an oblique band passing over the insteps. The linen of the shroud is a medium-fine warp-faced tabby weave (about 14 x 24 threads/cm2).
On top of the shroud lies a bead net of mainly bright blue faience beads, extending from the shoulders to just below the knees. This is rectangular in shape (long 95 cm, wide 43 cm). It is constructed of cylinder beads (average length 1.1 cm) forming rhomboid cells, with ring beads at the crossings. The upper border has been reinforced by a fourfold row of ring beads, forming blocks of blue, green, yellow, red, black and white. The lower edge has fringes composed of four extra cylinders and a ball bead each.
The following elements have been fixed on top of the bead net:
- a blue frit scarab resting on a cartonnage support with extended wings of gilt cartonnage over the chest;
- two smaller blue glaze scarabs immediately below, the right-hand one still enclosed in a gilt metal ring; left scarab inscribed with the text r-pat HAty-a 'the hereditary count and prince', the other showing a standing goddess with papyrus sceptre;
- a vertical strip of gilt cartonnage flanked by silhouette figures of the four Sons of Horus over the abdomen;
- a further strip of gilt cartonnage over the thighs (lower end broken off). These strips were doubtless meant to be inscribed, but are completely blank now.
A rather close parallel for this group of objects (though with a different disposition) lies on the mummy of Pestenef in Berlin.

Inventarisnummer

RO.III-e

Afdeling

Egypte

Objectnaam

mummie; man

Materiaal

mummie ; linnen ; faience

Afmetingen

27,5 x 42,5 x 167,5 cm

Periode

Late Periode; 26e Dynastie; 650-625 v.Chr. 650-625 BC

Vindplaats

Egypte

Literatuur

Leemans, Description raisonnée (1840) M 23
Boeser, Catalogus (1907) E.XLIII.7
Gray, OMRO 47, nr. 10
Monumens égyptiens III, 31, Pl.I-XI
G. Vittmann, Priester und Beamte (Wenen 1978), 55 (e)
Rijksmuseum van Oudheden 1981, p. 77 cat. 22
Schneider/Raven, De Egyptische Oudheid (Den Haag 1981), nr. 125
Raven, OMRO 62 (1981), p. 7-21
M.J. Raven, Dodencultus (Amsterdam 1992), 64-66 nr. 25
Raven, Mummies onder het mes (Amsterdam 1993)
M.J. Raven/W.K. Taconis, Egyptian mummies (Turnhout 2005), cat. 16
M.J. Raven, in: D. Magee/J. Bourriau/S. Quirke (red.), Studies Malek (Leuven 2009), 464 n. 2, 475 n. 63, 482 n. 89
L.H. Corcoran/M. Svoboda, Herakleides (Los Angeles 2010), 91 en fig. 50a
cat. Fascinating mummies, highlights of the exhibition (Edinburgh 2012), 36, 42-43, 47
C. Greco, Mòmies Egípcies, El Secret de la Vida Eterna (2012) 204, 205 cat. 228