Mummiekleed van Sensaos



Rectangular shroud of natural linen (212 x 102 cm), consisting of rather coarse plain tabby weave (roughly 14 x 16 threads/cm2, but no accurate count possible due to the present display). This shroud has some water damage along the lower end but is otherwise in a remarkable state of preservation; is has received a backing of plain cloth during a modern restoration. The centre is decorated with a depiction of the deceased identified with Hathor, painted in black, white, red, orange, pale blue, and dark green; the latter pigment must have been so acid that it has destroyed the linen wherever it was applied. Otherwise, there are only some minor holes and tears.
The deceased is portrayed as a full-length standing figure in frontal view. The wide black wig has a fillet with indistinct patterns in green and pendent streamers. The ear ornaments are shaped like serpent protomes. The deceased is wearing an ankle-long sleeved dress, the upper part of which is decorated with vertical bands of various designs (vines in black on orange, hatched bands with two rosettes over the breasts in pale blue, guilloche patterns on a green ground framing the central slit) with a three-range collar around the throat. The short sleeves are white with horizontal bands on the cuffs and a X-shaped design above. The lower part of the dress has a checked pattern, with alternating bands of blue, natural, and green; there is a central column of hieroglyphs with a protective formula for the deceased. The arms are stretched down, with serpent bracelets of Hellenistic type. The feet are likewise stretched down, with an indication of sandal straps. To each side of the feet there is an Anubis jackal in black, seated on a plinth with a key strapped to its neck and an offering stand in front. The legs are flanked by two strips of roundels and guilloche patterns.
This figure is flanked by several vignettes of deities and protective symbols, separated from each other by shallow plinths similar to those of the jackals. Left from top to bottom: (1) serpent with legs; (2) kneeling goddess offering cup, with bouquet behind; (3) coiled serpent; (4) Isis protecting Osiris; (5) Thoth writing, with bouquet behind; (6) tyet between two twisted vines; (7) falcon-headed genius (Qebehsenuef?) offering cloth, with bouquet behind; (8) bull-headed genius kneeling with knife, bouquet behind; (9) large formal bouquet consisting of lotus flower flanked by two buds. Right: identical, except for (4) Anubis holding standing mummy; (5) Ammut with flail and two knives; (6) djed between two twisted vines; (7) similar genius but head lost (black skin: Duamutef?); (8) crocodile-headed genius. Clearly, some of these elements are derived from representations of Book of the Dead chapter 125 and depictions of the day bark and night bark of the sun god, as occurring on the lid of Sensaos' coffin.


AMM 8-d








212 x 102 cm


Grieks-Romeinse Periode; Rom. keizertijd; 109 A.D. 109 AD




Leemans, Description raisonnée (1840) M 76
Boeser, Catalogus (1907) E.XL.3
Schneider/Raven, De Egyptische Oudheid (Den Haag 1981), nr. 153
CNMAL 8, nr. 191
Raven, Mummies onder het mes (Amsterdam 1993), 51-2 en afb. 69, 71
Bresciani, Il volto di Osiris, p. 24, fig. 19
Schneider, H.D., De ontdekking van de Egyptische kunst (Den Haag 1998), afb. 104
C. Riggs, JEA 86 (2000), 139 n. 69
F.R. Herbin, Padiimenipet fils de Sôter (Parijs 2002), fig. 24
C. Riggs/M. Depauw, RdE 53 (2002), 76 n. 5
M.J. Raven/W.K. Taconis, Egyptian mummies (Turnhout 2005), cat. 26
J. Karig, in: A. Spiekermann (ed.), Zur Zierde gereicht (HÄB 50), 141-152
C. Riggs, The beautiful burial (Oxford 2005), 280 nr. 76
100 topstukken van het RMO (Leiden 2009), 160-161
cat. Fascinating mummies, highlights of the exhibition (Edinburgh 2012), 41
C. Greco, Mòmies Egípcies, El Secret de la Vida Eterna (2012), 80
B. Korendijk, In de ban van mummie Janus (Groningen 2014), 16
P. Giovetti/D. Picchi, Egitto splendore millenario (Bologna 2015), cat. VII.55