Mummie van Peftjaoeneith met kralennet

mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man
mummie; mandownloadmummie; man

Beschrijving

Peftjaoeneith ; windsels ; masker ; kralennet
The mummy shows certain details of the anatomy, e.g. the protrusion of the buttocks. There is a hard crust of resinous material in certain places under the body. The bandages covering the body from the ankles to the chest are applied very regularly in spiral fashion, with only a narrow protruding edge of 1.5-4.0 cm. They are fairly pale in colour and are torn from medium-fine warp-faced tabby weave cloth (about 16 x 30 threads/cm2). Wherever the bandages are damaged, they show that the layer underneath likewise consists of concentric strips. However, the latter show a characteristic black discoloration, probably due to the application of resin or unguent, with some white crystalline powder adhering to deeper cracks and recesses. Across the feet the bandages show a diagonal pattern (with transverse strips over the soles), now much decayed and thereby showing a black-stained underlayer in one piece. The head also shows a much decayed sheet of black linen, fixed by means of a tight fillet of very pale linen (wide 3.5 cm). This and the upper part of the body were then covered with diagonal bandages (wide 5.5-7.5 cm) of pale brown colour. It is quite possible that the concentric bandages of the lower body once continued over these diagonal strips as well.
This mummy has preserved a well-made facial mask (38 x 29 cm). It consists of a roughly rectangular net of faience cylinder beads (predominantly greenish blue and greenish brown, average length 0.7 cm) and small pale brown ring beads. The distribution in neat ranges shown in the Monumens égyptiens is far too regular. The two lateral edges of this net are reinforced by means of pleated strips of yarn (2 x 5 threads, s-spun), making a loop at the upper end and terminating in a fringed lower end. Integrated into this network are several elements made of a mosaic of faience ring beads:
- stylised face in the shape of the hieroglyph Sign-list D 2 (human face, Hr), greenish blue with red nose and lips, cream eyes and teeth, black brows, rims of the eyes, and pupils. Beard alternating red and blue beads, edge around face black (hair), cream, red, and blue;
- collar with two stylised falcon's heads, upper range of cream lotus flowers and red buds on blue ground, central range of blue lotus flowers and blue buds on cream ground, lower block frieze in red, blue and cream;
- black scarab with blue details on cream ground, with extended wings in red, blue, and cream (right wing is modern reconstruction);
- four Sons of Horus, mummiform with human heads, blue with black hair, cream faces, and red feet (right-hand figure is modern reconstruction).

Inventarisnummer

AMM 5-d

Afdeling

Egypte

Objectnaam

mummie; man

Materiaal

mummie ; linnen ; faience

Afmetingen

27 x 38,5 x 182 cm

Periode

Late Periode ; 26e Dynastie 664-525 BC

Vindplaats

Egypte

Literatuur

Leemans, Description raisonnée (1840) M 14
Boeser, Catalogus (1907) E.XLIII.18
Gray, OMRO 47, nr. 2
Monumens égyptiens III, 30, Pl.IX
Schneider/Raven, De Egyptische Oudheid (Den Haag 1981), nr. 128
M.J. Raven, Mummies onder het mes (Amsterdam 1993), 79
M.J. Raven, Dodencultus (Amsterdam 1992), 64-66 nr. 25
Schneider, H.D., De ontdekking van de Egyptische kunst (Den Haag 1998), afb. 103
M.J. Raven/W.K. Taconis, Egyptian mummies (Turnhout 2005), cat. 17